WATER CONSERVATION PROGRAMME


The nature can only sustain when there is equal balance between ecosystem and human system, the equal balance will create good quality life and unbalanced act will create worst quality of human life. In the rural areas the natural resource such as land, water, vegetation, livestock and livelihood are inter-linked with each other. Approximately 17% in the Indian GDP is contributed from the Agriculture and approximately 60 percent of the population is depending on the income from agriculture. In the last few decades we are seeing that the environment is getting degraded and destroyed due to human’s greedy activities. This kind of unwanted activity and experiment with the environment has not only threatened to the various species but now human is also suffering from various effect of global-warming. This has breakdown the traditional local management connection between the human and nature.


Watershed Programme


Watershed is not simply the hydrological unit but also socio-political-ecological entity which plays crucial role in determining food, social, and economical security and provides life support services to rural people.


Integrated water management and soil conservation Programme According to the Soil Conservation Society of America, a watershed is a geohydrological unit comprising land and water within the confines of a drainage divide. The focus of Proposed project is  Soil and water conservation is on i) In situ water harvesting, ii) increasing ground water level, iii) increasing irrigation potential & creating facilities for protective irrigation, iv) creating decentralized water bodies, v) rehabilitation of existing water bodies through de-silting, vi) soil conservation vii) livelihood programme. It has been implemented various water harvesting measures and soil conservation by integrated approach through convergence of various ongoing schemes, 


The benefits of the interventions has reach out directly to the villagers in terms of increase in ground water table in dug wells / bore wells, increase in area under protective irrigation, reduction in incidence of crop failures due to longer dry spell, increase in cropping intensity, increase in crop yields, all this has lead to increase in income & development of drought coping mechanism.


Holistic approach of MGVS


Implementation of Integrated Watershed Development Project is planned for four year’s duration. The key activities of project are as enlisted below.

 

  • Community Mobilisation, village institution building & Capacity Building:awareness creation, group formation, training, exposures, field schools, demonstrations.
  • Area treatments: Soil conservation measures like Contour trenches with plantation; Crop cultivation area treatments like farm bunds with outlets, bund plantation.
  • Restoration of existing water storage structures: desilting, deepening of existing water bodies and repairing for restoration of water storage capacity.
  • Water harvesting structures: Decentralized water bodies creation like Cement Nala Bunds, Earthen Nala Bunds, K.T. Weirs etc.
  • Gully control measures: small drains in upper & middle catchment has treated by executing Gully Plugs, Loose boulder Structures, Small Earthen Structures, Gabian Structures.
  • Micro irrigation: Promotion of drip and sprinkler irrigation. Community lift irrigation based on common wells.
  • Farm production enhancement through crop demonstrations, farm mechanization and micro irrigation.
  • Livelihoods development- agriculture, livestock and nonfarm based.
  • Project management, coordination, documentation.

 

Outcome of the Project


After successful implementation of project under integrated water and soil conservation, following were the outcome.

 

  • 34 Water User Groups have been established from each structure and managing the operation & maintenance of water harvesting structures.
  • Water harvesting structures benefitting more than 9433 hectare of area under protective irrigation in Kharif season.
  • Water harvesting structures created storing of rain water every year in selected villages.
  • Increased in ground water level of dug well / bore well has lead to assured drinking water throughout the year and livestock. This has lead to tanker free villages.
  • Trained / capacitated water user groups have adopted efficient water management practices. It has lead to increase in crop yield and thereby increased income level.
  • Generation of self-employment in watershed programme in the rural area.
  • Women along with men have participated in the decision making process.
  • Awareness on water and soil conservation 
  • Agro based small scale income generation has been created
  • Crop growing area has increased.

 

Access to safe drinking water throughout the year for humans and for livestock as well.

 

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OUR PROJECTS

- WATER CONSERVATION
- TOILET CONSTRUCTION
- ORPHAN SHELTER HOME
- BEGGAR SHELTER HOME
- HIV/AIDS/STD CONTROL
- LINK WORKER SCHEME
- COMMUNITY BASE HEALTH MONITORING
- COMMUNITY BASE HEALTH CARE CENTER
- SMILE TWIN E-LEARNING
- COMMUNITY SUPPORT CARE

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